The abductor muscles are a group of muscles in the body that are responsible for moving a limb away from the midline of the body. In the context of anatomy, the midline is an imaginary line that divides the body into left and right halves. The term “abductor” comes from the Latin word “abducere,” which means “to lead away.”
There are several abductor muscles in the body, including the abductor hallucis in the foot, the abductor pollicis in the hand, and the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus in the hip. These muscles work in conjunction with other muscles to allow for a wide range of movements and functions, such as walking, running, and maintaining balance.
Injuries to the abductor muscles can occur as a result of trauma, overuse, or underlying medical conditions. Common symptoms of abductor muscle injuries may include pain, weakness, and limited range of motion. Treatment for abductor muscle injuries may involve rest, physical therapy, and, in some cases, surgery.