ACEI (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) are a type of medication used in the treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure. They work by blocking the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme, which is an enzyme that is involved in the regulation of blood pressure.
By blocking the action of this enzyme, ACEI can help to widen blood vessels, reduce blood pressure, and improve blood flow to the heart and other organs. This can help to reduce the risk of complications associated with hypertension and heart failure, such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
Examples of commonly used ACEI include lisinopril, enalapril, and ramipril. These medications are usually taken orally and may be prescribed alone or in combination with other medications.
While ACEI are generally considered safe and effective for most people, they can cause side effects such as cough, dizziness, and low blood pressure. Rarely, they may also cause more serious side effects such as allergic reactions or kidney problems. For this reason, it is important to work closely with a healthcare provider when taking ACEI, and to report any side effects or concerns promptly.
In summary, ACEI are a type of medication used in the treatment of high blood pressure and heart failure. They work by blocking the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme, which helps to widen blood vessels and improve blood flow. While generally safe and effective, they can cause side effects and should be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider.