Acidosis is a medical condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of acid in the body, which disrupts the pH balance of the blood and other bodily fluids. This condition can occur as a result of various factors, including metabolic abnormalities, respiratory disorders, or drug toxicity.
Metabolic acidosis occurs when there is an excess of acid production or a decrease in the amount of bicarbonate, a base that helps regulate pH in the body. Causes of metabolic acidosis can include uncontrolled diabetes, kidney failure, alcoholism, and certain medications.
Respiratory acidosis occurs when the lungs cannot remove enough carbon dioxide, leading to an increase in acidity in the body. This can be caused by conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, or respiratory depression from drug use.
Symptoms of acidosis can include confusion, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, and in severe cases, coma or death. Treatment for acidosis depends on the underlying cause and may involve addressing the underlying condition, administering fluids, or using medications to regulate the body’s pH levels.
It’s important to note that acidosis is a potentially life-threatening condition and requires prompt medical attention. If you suspect you or someone else may be experiencing acidosis, seek medical help immediately.