Acrochordon, also known as a skin tag, is a small, soft, benign growth that typically appears on the skin. They are usually flesh-colored or slightly darker and can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter. Acrochordons are commonly found in areas where skin rubs against skin or clothing, such as the neck, underarms, groin, and eyelids.
The exact cause of acrochordons is unknown, but they are thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. They are more common in people who are overweight, diabetic, or pregnant, as well as those with a family history of the condition.
Acrochordons are typically harmless and do not require treatment unless they are causing discomfort or are located in a highly visible area. In some cases, they may become irritated, inflamed, or infected, leading to pain, redness, and swelling.
Treatment for acrochordons may involve removal by a healthcare professional using a variety of techniques, including cutting, freezing, or burning the tag off. In some cases, topical medications may be used to help shrink the tag. It is important to note that attempting to remove a skin tag at home can lead to infection, scarring, and other complications, and should be avoided.
While acrochordons are generally benign and do not pose a serious health risk, it is important to have any new or changing growths on the skin evaluated by a healthcare professional to rule out other, more serious conditions such as skin cancer.