Acrodynia, also known as pink disease or Swift disease, is a rare condition that is caused by exposure to certain substances, including mercury and other heavy metals. The condition primarily affects young children, although it has also been reported in adults.
The symptoms of acrodynia are typically systemic and can affect many different parts of the body. Early symptoms may include irritability, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbances, while later symptoms may include skin rash, redness and peeling of the hands and feet, and joint pain. In severe cases, individuals with acrodynia may also experience neurological symptoms such as tremors, seizures, and sensory disturbances.
Acrodynia is thought to be caused by the toxic effects of heavy metals on the body’s cells and tissues. Mercury is the most commonly implicated substance, and exposure may occur through a variety of sources, including contaminated food or water, dental fillings, or exposure to mercury-containing household items such as thermometers or fluorescent light bulbs.
Treatment for acrodynia typically involves identifying and removing the source of heavy metal exposure, as well as supportive measures to manage symptoms. This may include medications such as antihistamines or anti-inflammatory drugs to manage skin rash and joint pain, as well as neurologic medications to manage seizures and other neurological symptoms.
While acrodynia is a rare condition, it is important to be aware of the potential risks of heavy metal exposure, particularly in children who may be more vulnerable to the effects of toxic substances. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have been exposed to heavy metals and are experiencing symptoms of acrodynia, it is important to seek prompt medical attention for proper evaluation and treatment.