Acute bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate gland, which is a small gland located below the bladder in men. This condition can cause sudden onset of symptoms such as fever, chills, urinary pain and discomfort, and can lead to serious complications if left untreated.
The prostate gland plays a role in producing semen, and is susceptible to infection by bacteria that can enter the gland through the urethra or blood. Risk factors for acute bacterial prostatitis include recent urinary tract infections, recent medical procedures involving the prostate, and having unprotected sex.
Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis may include:
- Fever and chills
- Urinary pain and discomfort
- Difficulty urinating or frequent urination
- Pain in the lower back, groin, or genitals
- Painful ejaculation
- Blood in the urine or semen
Diagnosis of acute bacterial prostatitis typically involves a physical exam, medical history, and testing of urine and blood samples to identify the bacteria causing the infection. Imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI may also be used to evaluate the prostate gland.
Treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis usually involves a course of antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Pain relief medications may also be prescribed to manage symptoms. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to administer antibiotics intravenously or to drain abscesses that have formed in the prostate gland.
If left untreated, acute bacterial prostatitis can lead to serious complications such as chronic prostatitis, abscess formation, and sepsis. If you experience symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis, seek prompt medical attention.