Acute glomerulonephritis is a medical condition that results in inflammation and damage to the glomeruli, which are tiny structures in the kidneys that filter waste and excess fluids from the blood. It typically occurs as a complication of an infection, such as strep throat or a skin infection.
Symptoms of acute glomerulonephritis can include blood or protein in the urine, swelling (edema) of the legs and ankles, high blood pressure, and decreased urine output. Some people may also experience fatigue, fever, or abdominal pain.
Diagnosis of acute glomerulonephritis is usually based on a combination of clinical symptoms, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. Blood and urine tests can help identify markers of kidney damage and inflammation, while imaging studies such as ultrasound or CT scans can evaluate the structure and function of the kidneys.
Treatment for acute glomerulonephritis aims to control symptoms and prevent further kidney damage. This may include medications to reduce inflammation, manage blood pressure, and control fluid balance. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary to manage severe symptoms or complications.
Most people with acute glomerulonephritis recover fully with appropriate treatment, although some may experience long-term kidney damage or require ongoing treatment to manage symptoms or prevent complications. To prevent acute glomerulonephritis, it is important to promptly treat infections, especially those caused by strep bacteria.