Acute kidney failure, also known as acute renal failure, is a sudden loss of kidney function that occurs over a period of hours or days. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including a sudden drop in blood flow to the kidneys, damage to the kidneys themselves, or blockage of the urinary tract.
Acute kidney failure can be a serious condition that requires urgent medical attention, as it can lead to a buildup of toxins and waste products in the body. Symptoms of acute kidney failure may include:
- Decreased urine output
- Swelling in the legs, ankles, or feet
- Fatigue and weakness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Confusion and disorientation
- Seizures or coma in severe cases
In order to diagnose acute kidney failure, a healthcare provider may perform blood and urine tests to assess kidney function and identify the underlying cause of the condition. Treatment for acute kidney failure typically involves addressing the underlying cause and providing supportive care to help the kidneys recover. This may include medications to improve blood flow to the kidneys, dialysis to remove waste products from the blood, and managing fluid and electrolyte imbalances.
If treated promptly and appropriately, acute kidney failure can often be reversed, and normal kidney function can be restored. However, in some cases, it can lead to chronic kidney disease or permanent kidney damage. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention promptly if you experience symptoms of acute kidney failure.