Acute membranous gingivitis, also known as acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), is a type of gum disease that is characterized by sudden onset of painful, bleeding gums, bad breath, and mouth sores. It is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the mouth, which can be triggered by a variety of factors including poor oral hygiene, stress, smoking, poor nutrition, and immune system dysfunction.
The hallmark feature of ANUG is the presence of a grayish-white membrane or slough on the gums, which can be painful and easily bleed if scraped or touched. Other symptoms may include a metallic taste in the mouth, swollen lymph nodes, fever, and fatigue.
Treatment for ANUG typically involves professional dental cleaning to remove the buildup of plaque and bacteria, as well as antibiotics to control the infection. Pain relief may also be provided through the use of painkillers and topical anesthetics. It is important for individuals with ANUG to maintain good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, to prevent further infection and the recurrence of the condition.