Adams-Stokes disease, also known as Stokes-Adams disease, is a medical condition that results in episodes of fainting, or syncope, caused by a disturbance in the heart’s electrical system. It is named after two physicians, Robert Adams and William Stokes, who described the condition in the early 19th century.
Adams-Stokes disease is caused by a disturbance in the heart’s electrical system, specifically the interruption of the normal electrical impulses that regulate the heart’s rhythm. This can result from a variety of underlying conditions, including heart disease, high blood pressure, and abnormalities in the heart’s electrical conduction system.
The most common symptom of Adams-Stokes disease is syncope, or fainting. This is caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure and lack of oxygen to the brain. Other symptoms may include dizziness, confusion, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
Treatment of Adams-Stokes disease depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to regulate the heart’s electrical impulses, or a pacemaker may be implanted to help regulate the heart’s rhythm. In severe cases, surgery may be required to correct the underlying condition.
Adams-Stokes disease can be a serious medical condition that requires prompt treatment. If you or someone you know experiences fainting or other symptoms of Adams-Stokes disease, seek medical attention immediately.