Adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure in which the adenoids, also known as pharyngeal tonsils, are removed from the back of the nasal cavity. The adenoids are a mass of lymphoid tissue that helps fight infections, but can sometimes become enlarged and obstruct the nasal airway, leading to breathing problems and other symptoms.
The procedure is typically performed on children, but can also be done on adults who experience persistent adenoid-related symptoms such as nasal obstruction, recurrent ear infections, or chronic sinusitis. Adenoidectomy is usually performed under general anesthesia, and the surgery takes about 30-45 minutes.
The surgical approach to adenoidectomy may vary depending on the surgeon’s preference, but typically involves inserting a small instrument through the mouth to access the adenoids. The adenoids are then carefully dissected and removed using a curette or other instrument.
After the surgery, patients may experience some pain, swelling, and bleeding in the back of the throat, as well as nasal congestion and mild ear pain. These symptoms usually resolve within a few days to a week, and patients are typically advised to avoid strenuous physical activity and certain foods for a period of time after surgery.
Adenoidectomy is generally considered a safe and effective treatment for enlarged adenoids and related symptoms. However, as with any surgical procedure, there is a small risk of complications, including bleeding, infection, and anesthesia-related problems.
In summary, adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure in which the adenoids are removed from the back of the nasal cavity. The surgery is typically performed to treat breathing problems and other symptoms related to enlarged adenoids, and is considered a safe and effective treatment option.