Adenomyosis uteri is a medical condition in which the endometrial tissue, which normally lines the inside of the uterus, grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. This can cause the uterus to become enlarged and tender, and may lead to heavy or painful menstrual bleeding, as well as pelvic pain and discomfort.
The exact cause of adenomyosis uteri is not well understood, but it is believed to be related to hormonal imbalances, particularly an excess of estrogen. It may also be related to previous uterine surgery or trauma. Adenomyosis uteri is most commonly diagnosed in women over the age of 30 who have had children, although it can occur in women of any age.
Symptoms of adenomyosis uteri can include heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe cramping during menstruation, and pelvic pain or discomfort. Women with adenomyosis uteri may also experience painful intercourse and increased vaginal discharge.
Diagnosis of adenomyosis uteri can be made through imaging studies such as an ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which can identify the presence of abnormal tissue growth within the uterine wall. Treatment options for adenomyosis uteri may include hormonal therapy to regulate menstrual cycles, pain management medications, or in severe cases, surgery to remove the uterus.
In summary, adenomyosis uteri is a medical condition in which the endometrial tissue grows into the muscular wall of the uterus, causing the uterus to become enlarged and tender, and leading to heavy or painful menstrual bleeding, as well as pelvic pain and discomfort. Symptoms may also include painful intercourse and increased vaginal discharge. Diagnosis can be made through imaging studies, and treatment options may include hormonal therapy, pain management medications, or surgery.