Adenomyosis is a medical condition in which endometrial tissue, which normally lines the inside of the uterus, grows within the muscle tissue of the uterine wall. This abnormal growth can cause the uterus to become enlarged and tender, and can lead to heavy, painful menstrual bleeding.
The exact cause of adenomyosis is not well understood, but it is believed to be related to hormonal imbalances, particularly an excess of estrogen. Adenomyosis is most commonly diagnosed in women over the age of 30 who have had children, although it can occur in women of any age.
Symptoms of adenomyosis can include heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, severe cramping during menstruation, and pelvic pain or discomfort. Women with adenomyosis may also experience painful intercourse and increased vaginal discharge.
Diagnosis of adenomyosis can be made through imaging studies such as an ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which can identify the presence of abnormal tissue growth within the uterine wall. Treatment options for adenomyosis may include hormonal therapy to regulate menstrual cycles, pain management medications, or in severe cases, surgery to remove the uterus.
In summary, adenomyosis is a medical condition in which endometrial tissue grows within the muscle tissue of the uterine wall, causing the uterus to become enlarged and tender, and leading to heavy, painful menstrual bleeding. Symptoms may also include pelvic pain, painful intercourse, and increased vaginal discharge. Diagnosis can be made through imaging studies, and treatment options may include hormonal therapy, pain management medications, or surgery.