Adenopathy is a medical term that refers to the enlargement or swelling of lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped structures that are part of the lymphatic system, which is responsible for fighting infection and disease in the body.
Adenopathy can occur in response to a variety of conditions, including infections, autoimmune disorders, and cancer. When lymph nodes become enlarged or swollen, they may be tender or painful to the touch, and may feel firm or rubbery. The affected lymph nodes may also be warm to the touch and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and night sweats.
The diagnosis of adenopathy typically involves a physical examination to assess the size, location, and consistency of the affected lymph nodes, as well as other signs of illness. Depending on the underlying cause, additional tests such as blood tests, imaging studies, or a biopsy of the lymph node may be necessary.
Treatment of adenopathy depends on the underlying cause of the swelling. In many cases, adenopathy will resolve on its own once the underlying condition has been treated. However, in some cases, additional treatment may be necessary to manage the symptoms of adenopathy, such as pain or discomfort, or to address any complications that may arise.
In summary, adenopathy is the enlargement or swelling of lymph nodes, and can be caused by a variety of conditions. Symptoms may include tenderness or pain, firmness or rubbery texture, warmth, and other signs of illness. Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination and additional tests, and treatment depends on the underlying cause of the swelling.