Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can persist into adulthood. It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that can cause significant impairment in social, academic, and occupational functioning.
The symptoms of adult ADHD are similar to those of childhood ADHD, but they may present differently in adults. For example, adults with ADHD may have trouble with organization, time management, and completing tasks, which can affect their ability to hold down a job or maintain relationships. They may also struggle with impulsivity, which can manifest as impulsive spending, risky behavior, or substance abuse.
Diagnosis of adult ADHD may involve a comprehensive evaluation, including a review of medical and family history, a physical exam, and psychological testing. It may also involve self-report questionnaires, interviews with family members or close friends, and observation of the patient’s behavior in various settings.
Treatment options for adult ADHD may include medication, such as stimulants or non-stimulant medications, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or coaching. In some cases, a combination of medication and psychotherapy may be the most effective treatment approach.
It is important to note that adult ADHD can co-occur with other mental health conditions, such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse. In these cases, a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses all of the individual’s symptoms and needs may be necessary.
In summary, adult ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that can cause significant impairment in social, academic, and occupational functioning. Diagnosis may involve a comprehensive evaluation, and treatment options may include medication and psychotherapy. Co-occurring mental health conditions may also need to be addressed in a comprehensive treatment plan.