Adult primary liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is a type of cancer that develops in the liver. It is the most common type of liver cancer, accounting for about 75% of cases.
The primary risk factors for developing adult primary liver cancer include chronic hepatitis B or C infections, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, excessive alcohol consumption, and exposure to toxins such as aflatoxins. Other risk factors may include obesity, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Symptoms of adult primary liver cancer may include abdominal pain, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), weight loss, and fatigue. However, some individuals may not experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease.
Diagnosis of adult primary liver cancer may involve imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, as well as blood tests to check for liver function and tumor markers. A biopsy may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment options for adult primary liver cancer may depend on the stage of the disease and may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be used. Treatment may also involve managing symptoms and complications of the disease, such as pain and fluid buildup in the abdomen.
Prognosis for adult primary liver cancer may depend on factors such as the stage of the disease, the size and location of the tumor, and the individual’s overall health. Early diagnosis and treatment may improve the chances of successful treatment and long-term survival.
In summary, adult primary liver cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the liver and is often associated with risk factors such as chronic hepatitis infections, cirrhosis, and excessive alcohol consumption. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, jaundice, weight loss, and fatigue. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, and prognosis may depend on various factors including stage of the disease and overall health of the individual.