In medicine, an adverse reaction refers to an unintended and undesired response to a medical treatment or intervention, including medication, surgery, or other medical procedures. It can occur even if the treatment was properly administered and within the recommended dose. Adverse reactions can range from mild to severe and can include symptoms such as nausea, headache, rash, fever, and even life-threatening reactions like anaphylaxis.
Adverse reactions can be classified as either type A or type B. Type A reactions are predictable and occur as a result of the medication’s pharmacological properties. For example, some drugs can cause gastrointestinal upset, while others can cause drowsiness or dry mouth. Type B reactions, on the other hand, are unpredictable and not related to the medication’s pharmacological properties. These reactions are often due to an individual’s unique response to a drug and can include allergic reactions, drug-drug interactions, and drug-disease interactions.
It is important to report any adverse reactions to a healthcare provider as soon as possible. Healthcare providers can evaluate the symptoms and determine the appropriate course of action, such as discontinuing the medication or adjusting the dose. Additionally, reporting adverse reactions can help regulatory agencies monitor the safety of medications and take appropriate measures to protect public health.