In medicine, “aerobic” refers to a type of exercise or metabolism that requires oxygen to produce energy. During aerobic exercise, the body uses oxygen to break down glucose and other nutrients, which results in the production of energy and waste products like carbon dioxide and water.
Aerobic exercise is a form of physical activity that increases the heart rate and breathing rate to meet the body’s demand for oxygen during the activity. Examples of aerobic exercises include running, cycling, swimming, and brisk walking. Regular aerobic exercise can have numerous health benefits, including improved cardiovascular health, weight management, and reduced risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension.
In addition to exercise, the term “aerobic” can also refer to a type of bacteria or microbe that requires oxygen to survive and thrive. Aerobic bacteria are commonly found in the environment, including in soil, water, and the human body. Some examples of aerobic bacteria include the species of Streptococcus and Staphylococcus that normally inhabit the human skin and respiratory system.