Aeromonas hydrophila is a bacterium commonly found in freshwater and marine environments, as well as in human and animal intestinal tracts. It is considered an opportunistic pathogen, meaning it can cause infections in people with weakened immune systems, such as those with cancer, HIV/AIDS, or certain chronic diseases.
Aeromonas hydrophila can cause a wide range of infections, including skin and soft tissue infections, wound infections, gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines), sepsis (bloodstream infection), and urinary tract infections. Symptoms can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection, but may include fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and skin lesions.
Treatment for Aeromonas hydrophila infections typically involves antibiotics, although the choice of antibiotic may depend on the severity of the infection and the susceptibility of the bacteria to different antibiotics. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove infected tissue.
Prevention of Aeromonas hydrophila infections includes avoiding contact with contaminated water, properly cleaning and cooking seafood, and practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly.