Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a term used to describe a condition characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. It is now more commonly referred to as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but ADD is still used as an alternative term by some.
The symptoms of ADD/ADHD can include difficulty paying attention or staying focused on tasks, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. These symptoms can interfere with daily activities such as work or school, and can affect relationships with family and friends.
The exact cause of ADHD is not known, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is also evidence to suggest that differences in brain structure and function may contribute to the disorder.
Treatment for ADHD typically involves a combination of medication and therapy. Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamines (Adderall) are commonly used to help improve attention and focus. Behavioral therapy and counseling can also be effective in managing symptoms and improving daily functioning.