Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the bladder, which is a hollow organ in the lower part of the abdomen that stores urine. The most common type of bladder cancer is urothelial carcinoma, which starts in the cells that line the inside of the bladder.
The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown, but several factors can increase a person’s risk of developing the disease, including smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, long-term bladder catheterization, and a personal or family history of bladder cancer.
Symptoms of bladder cancer can include blood in the urine, frequent urination, painful urination, and urinary urgency. These symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it is important to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the type of bladder cancer, and other factors such as the person’s age and overall health. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or a combination of these approaches.
Prevention of bladder cancer includes avoiding smoking and exposure to chemicals, staying hydrated, and eating a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can also help detect bladder cancer early when it is more treatable.