Carbamazepine is a medication primarily used to treat seizures and nerve pain. It belongs to the class of drugs known as anticonvulsants and is also sometimes classified as a mood stabilizer. The medication works by reducing the activity of certain nerve cells in the brain and nervous system, which helps to prevent seizures and reduce nerve pain.
Carbamazepine is approved for use in the treatment of several types of seizures, including partial seizures, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, and mixed seizures. It is also used to treat trigeminal neuralgia, a type of nerve pain that affects the face, and bipolar disorder.
The medication is available in several forms, including tablets, capsules, and a liquid suspension. It is usually taken by mouth, either once or twice daily. The dosage is determined based on the patient’s individual needs and response to the medication.
Like all medications, carbamazepine can cause side effects. Common side effects include dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, and unsteadiness. More serious side effects may include severe allergic reactions, liver damage, and blood disorders.
Patients taking carbamazepine should be monitored closely by a healthcare provider to ensure that the medication is working effectively and to watch for any potential side effects or interactions with other medications.