Dander is a term used to describe tiny flakes of skin, hair or feathers that are shed by animals, including pets like cats, dogs, and birds. These flakes can trigger allergic reactions in some people, especially those with sensitivities to pet dander.
When an animal sheds dander, it becomes airborne and can be inhaled by humans. For people who are allergic to pet dander, exposure to these particles can trigger a range of symptoms, including sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, and skin rash. In severe cases, exposure to pet dander can trigger asthma attacks, which can be life-threatening.
Pet dander is composed of a complex mixture of proteins, lipids, and other substances that can trigger an allergic response in sensitive individuals. While some animals, such as cats and dogs, are more likely to produce dander than others, all animals shed dander to some degree.
There are a number of strategies that can be used to reduce exposure to pet dander. These include frequent bathing of pets, regular cleaning of carpets and upholstery, and use of air filters in the home. In some cases, individuals with severe allergies may need to avoid contact with pets entirely.
In addition to causing allergic reactions in humans, pet dander can also be a source of discomfort for animals themselves. When animals shed dander, it can cause itching and irritation of the skin, which can lead to excessive scratching and the development of skin infections. Regular grooming and bathing can help reduce the amount of dander that is shed by animals, which can improve their overall health and well-being.
Overall, pet dander is an important issue for individuals with allergies, as well as for animal owners who want to provide a healthy and comfortable living environment for their pets. By taking steps to reduce exposure to pet dander, individuals can manage their symptoms and maintain a high quality of life.