Eczema doesn’t only affect the easy-to-see parts of your body — it can affect your scalp, too. In fact, scalp eczema is a type of eczema that causes inflamed, itchy, dry skin to form on your scalp.
In this video, we will introduce you some information about eczema on scalp causes, types, symptoms, treatment and prevention.
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Eczema that affects the scalp may sometimes be seborrheic dermatitis, which people also refer to as dandruff. This form of eczema is the type that most often affects the scalp. In babies, it is known as cradle cap.
Causes of eczema on scalp
Doctors don’t yet know the exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis in modern medicine. It may be related to:
A yeast (fungus) called malassezia that is in the oil secretion on the skin.
An irregular response of the immune system.
In traditional medicine, it is believed that dermatitis is caused by the damage of the balance of the body organs natures, especially the skin natures, which is affected by various internal and external factors.
Risk factors and triggers
A number of factors increase your risk of developing seborrheic dermatitis, including:
Neurologic and psychiatric conditions.
A weakened immune system.
Recovery from stressful medical conditions, such as a heart attack.
Types and Symptoms of eczema on scalp
Seborrhoeic eczema is one of the most common types of eczema seen on the scalp and hairline. It can affect babies (cradle cap), children and adults. The skin appears red and scaly and there is often dandruff as well, which can vary in severity.
Atopic eczema is another common type of eczema that can affect the scalp at all ages. The skin is red, dry and itchy and can easily become infected, especially if scratched and when there is broken skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis can develop as a result of your body reacting to a particular substance to which you are allergic.
Irritant contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that occurs when the skin’s surface is irritated by a substance that causes the skin to become dry, red and itchy.
Treatment and prevention of eczema on scalp
There is no 100% cure for scalp eczema or seborrheic dermatitis, but medications can help reduce and prevent symptoms.
- Learn what factors may contribute to your scalp symptoms, and limit your contact or avoid them entirely.
- It is important that you either find a less irritant shampoo or simply use water with the optional addition of bicarbonate of soda mixed into a thin paste or an emollient bath oil.
- Use hair dryers in cool settings; hot air will increase dryness and itching.
- The chemical ingredients in these shampoos can help ease the inflammation and get rid of flaky, scaly skin when used two or three times a week. These ingredients include:
- Topical creams, ointments, or sprays made from these ingredients can also be applied to help calm the irritation and stop the flaking.
- If you have severe scalp eczema, your dermatologist may prescribe products containing stronger doses of the oral or topical medicines such as corticosteroids or others.
- These medication methods must be supervised your dermatologists. Because corticosteroids may thin your skin and some oral medication may affect your other organ functions.
- Dont eat too spicy, regulate your daily food intake.
Most important things we want to tell you is, see your dermatologist as soon as possible if your eczema-related skin patches drain fluid or pus, form crusts, or become very red or painful.