In medicine, habitual abortion, also known as recurrent pregnancy loss, is defined as the occurrence of three or more consecutive pregnancy losses before the 20th week of gestation. It is estimated to affect approximately 1-2% of women who are trying to conceive.
There are several factors that can contribute to habitual abortion, including genetic abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, infections, uterine abnormalities, autoimmune disorders, and lifestyle factors such as smoking or substance abuse.
In some cases, the cause of habitual abortion may not be identified, and the condition may be classified as unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss.
Diagnosis of habitual abortion typically involves a thorough medical history and physical examination, as well as various tests such as blood tests, imaging studies, and genetic testing.
Treatment of habitual abortion depends on the underlying cause, and may involve lifestyle changes, medications, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) with preimplantation genetic testing.
It is important for individuals who have experienced recurrent pregnancy loss to seek medical evaluation and support, as the emotional impact of the condition can be significant. Counseling and support groups may also be helpful for those affected by habitual abortion.