The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is a component of the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is the leading federal agency for cancer research and training. Its mission is to lead, conduct, and support research on the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer and to enhance the quality of life for cancer patients and their families.
The NCI was established by the National Cancer Act of 1937 and has since become the largest funder of cancer research in the world. The institute funds research in all areas of cancer, including basic science, clinical research, and population-based studies. It also provides funding for training and career development for researchers and physicians interested in cancer research.
The NCI has a network of cancer centers located throughout the United States, which serve as hubs for cancer research and patient care. These centers conduct research on new cancer treatments, provide clinical trials for patients, and offer supportive care services such as counseling, nutrition, and pain management.
In addition to its research and clinical activities, the NCI provides a wealth of information and resources for patients, health care providers, and the public. These resources include cancer statistics and trends, information on cancer prevention and early detection, and treatment options and side effects.
The NCI also collaborates with other organizations and government agencies to promote cancer research and improve cancer care. It works closely with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Cancer Society, and other cancer organizations to coordinate efforts to reduce the burden of cancer in the United States and around the world.