Penile cancer, also known as penis cancer, is a rare type of cancer that affects the tissue of the penis. It usually starts as a small, painless growth or ulcer on the penis that slowly grows over time. In some cases, there may be no symptoms in the early stages of the cancer.
The risk factors for penile cancer include smoking, poor hygiene, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and a history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It is more common in older men and those who are uncircumcised.
The diagnosis of penile cancer is usually made through a physical exam and biopsy. Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or MRI, may also be used to determine the stage and location of the cancer.
Treatment for penile cancer may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments. The specific treatment plan will depend on the stage and location of the cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health and preferences.
Prevention measures for penile cancer include maintaining good hygiene, practicing safe sex, quitting smoking, and getting vaccinated against HPV. Circumcision may also reduce the risk of developing penile cancer.
It is important to note that penile cancer is a rare disease, and many men with symptoms or risk factors for the disease do not have penile cancer. However, it is still important to talk to a healthcare provider if you have any concerns about your sexual health or notice any unusual symptoms on your penis. Early detection and treatment of penile cancer can improve the chances of a successful outcome.