A perianal abscess is a painful collection of pus in the tissue surrounding the anus. It is caused by a bacterial infection that develops when bacteria enter small glands in the anus, which can become blocked and infected.
Symptoms of a perianal abscess can include pain and swelling around the anus, redness, tenderness, and fever. The area may feel warm to the touch and may be accompanied by discharge or bleeding.
Diagnosis of a perianal abscess can be made through a physical exam by a healthcare provider. Imaging tests, such as an MRI or CT scan, may also be used to determine the extent of the infection.
Treatment of a perianal abscess typically involves draining the pus through a small incision, which may be done in a healthcare provider’s office under local anesthesia. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to treat any underlying bacterial infection.
If left untreated, a perianal abscess can lead to serious complications such as the spread of infection to other parts of the body or the development of a chronic infection. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect that you have a perianal abscess.