Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. It is a common condition that affects people of all ages, especially children. The exact cause of eczema is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Common symptoms include red, itchy patches of skin, scaling, cracking, and raw or sensitive skin. Eczema can be a long-term condition, but it can also improve or go into remission, particularly in children as they grow older. There is no cure for eczema, but it can be managed with proper skin care and medication.
how to treat eczema
Eczema can be treated by following these steps:
- Moisturize regularly: Use a thick, unscented moisturizer to soothe and hydrate the skin.
- Avoid triggers: Identify and avoid things that irritate your skin, such as certain soaps, fabrics, and foods.
- Take short baths or showers: Use lukewarm water and a gentle, fragrance-free soap. Avoid long baths or showers, which can dry out the skin.
- Apply medicated creams or ointments: Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream can help relieve itching and inflammation. If the eczema is severe, a prescription topical steroid or calcineurin inhibitor may be recommended by a doctor.
- Use a humidifier: This can add moisture to the air and help keep skin hydrated.
- Seek medical treatment: If eczema does not improve with self-care measures, see a doctor who may prescribe stronger medication or refer you to a dermatologist.